[4] Foreign currency translation

Exchange rates for the major currencies used by Linde were as follows:

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Principal exchange rates

 

 

 

 

Spot rate on balance sheet date

 

Average rate January to June

Exchange rate €1=

 

ISO code

 

30.06.2016

 

31.12.2015

 

2016

 

2015

Australia

 

AUD

 

1.49401

 

1.49183

 

1.52222

 

1.42698

China

 

CNY

 

7.37916

 

7.05243

 

7.30173

 

6.94431

South Africa

 

ZAR

 

16.47316

 

16.80825

 

17.19953

 

13.29316

UK

 

GBP

 

0.82655

 

0.73685

 

0.77908

 

0.73221

USA

 

USD

 

1.11080

 

1.08605

 

1.11691

 

1.11632