[4] Foreign currency translation

Exchange rates for the major currencies used by Linde were as follows:

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Principal exchange rates

 

 

 

 

Spot rate on balance sheet date

 

Average rate January to September

Exchange rate €1=

 

ISO code

 

30.09.2016

 

31.12.2015

 

2016

 

2015

Australia

 

AUD

 

1.47300

 

1.49183

 

1.50519

 

1.46350

China

 

CNY

 

7.47751

 

7.05243

 

7.34875

 

6.96790

South Africa

 

ZAR

 

15.64417

 

16.80825

 

16.68786

 

13.69390

UK

 

GBP

 

0.86538

 

0.73685

 

0.80329

 

0.72750

USA

 

USD

 

1.12110

 

1.08605

 

1.11660

 

1.11504